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时间：2019-07-08 14:53:18 作者：
Bid translation involves vocabulary and usage in different professions and fields. It covers a wide range of industries, including chemical industry, medicine, petroleum and so on. What are the methods of Bid Translation?
Literary translation means literal translation of the original text. The translation produced by this method is basically consistent with the original in terms of word selection, syntax, semantics and pragmatic meaning. However, the use of literal method must be based on the premise that the linguistic and cultural factors in the original text are basically consistent with the target language. Otherwise, it will lead to rigid translation, making the translation extremely unnatural, or even distorting the original text.
In the process of tender translation, we often find that in many cases literal translation of the original text will feel very awkward, sometimes even impossible. This shows that the linguistic and cultural factors involved in the original text are quite different from those of the target language at this time. They can not be translated literally directly, but should be adapted as necessary. That is to say, some necessary changes and adjustments should be made to the words and syntax in translation so as to make the translation conform to the norms and habits of the target language so as to achieve the most reproduction of the semantic and pragmatic meanings of the original text. End goal.
Literary method and flexible method are two basic ways to reproduce the semantic meaning, and they are also two basic ways to reproduce the pragmatic meaning. However, in the case of great differences in linguistic and cultural factors between the source language and the target language, in order to reproduce the pragmatic meaning of the source language, it is often beyond the functional scope of literal method and accommodation method, so the method of substitution must be adopted.